Tuesday, April 23, 2013

The Beavers


It is man’s interference with nature and animal’s will to survive that brought the American Beaver to my own neighborhood several years ago. 
          
One fall, the channel to the lake had been dredged. Sediment was unwisely dumped on the bank near the neighborhood boat launch. Using this dumped sediment, the beavers built their lodge into the bank of the channel. Not being a part of the human land-development plan, people wanted the beavers removed. This involved the setting of traps. The traps would break the back of the beaver as they swam into it. The beaver, only able to remain submerged for 15 minutes at the most, would drown. Though this was considered (by humans) to be “humane”, intervention from local residents (lead by us) halted the trapping. As soon as spring weather thawed the water of the channel, the beavers moved into the marsh and adjacent lake. Having no reason to trust, they obviously did not want to live that close to humans.

American Beavers are among the largest of the rodent family. They can be up to 4 feet in length, and weigh up to 90 pounds. Beavers, now considered a “nuisance”, were nearly obliterated by early fur trading in this country. Through protection they have steadily increased in number and are again found throughout most of the United States.

To each beaver lodge there is one family: a set of parents and one litter. A male and female beaver mate for life.  A litter most commonly consists of 1-8 kits. The kits are born after a four month gestation, usually in May or June, each weighing about one pound. The kits will stay with the parents for about two years. By this time they have learned all of the essentials to survive. The parents will drive them away to make room for a new litter of kits.

During the summer months beavers stay busy building their dams and lodges. Trees harvested by beavers are usually those not used in the lumber trade. They are most often native trees such as poplar, aspen, willow and birch. By fall, the beaver family will have a cache of food and a secure lodge to protect them during the harsh winter months. The lodge is above ground with tunnels underneath, leading to open water. They are able to swim out into the water, while still underneath the frozen surface of the lake. They can take wood or bark from their cache back to their lodge this way, sustaining them throughout the winter.
          
The summer following the beaver’s departure from my neighborhood, I saw a beaver lodge in a remote area of the marsh. The area had looked so desolate until the beaver brought it back to life. They built a small dam and opened up the surrounding waterways. Both frogs and turtles were again seen sharing the water. Mink were occasionally spotted in the surrounding marshland. Suddenly, various fish were plentiful again.

In addition to the usual Blue Heron and geese, I began to see many species of birds that I hadn’t seen before. Swans, egret, kingfisher, green heron, meadow lark, wood ducks, merganser, and blue-winged teal all were attracted to the area. I was amazed at the now lush marshland surrounding the beaver lodge. With their activity came a resurgence of native wildlife.

The wildlife had overcome hardships, and found a way to survive together. I felt privileged to be able to see them and experience the wonders of their world. It was so peaceful compared to the surrounding destruction of human land-development. 

17 comments:

  1. How wonderful! Beavers are amazing animals....but really, aren't they all?!
    I must admit when I first read the title of this post, I thought it might be about Beaver Cleaver!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Very educational post and nice to see the return of the wild birds in your neighbourhood marshland. That's what Ducks Unlimited has been doing here in Canada for years, restoring marshland and our farm has been part of that program to help preserve their habitat.
    Hugs,
    JB

    ReplyDelete
  3. Very interesting post. I didn't know all of these facts about the beaver.

    ReplyDelete
  4. when i was a kid in wisconsin, beavers built a dam in our local creek, making the water behind it about 4 feet high - high enough for my sis and i to learn to float in it. :)

    ReplyDelete
  5. That makes me sick that someone would kill an animal like that. Cruel!

    Great post about them, though. The first time I ever saw a beaver 'home' was in the Rocky Mountains outside of Denver. It was just amazing.

    ReplyDelete
  6. A sad story but with a happy ending!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Oh goodness...if that trapping is considered "humane" what could possibly be "inhumane"?!? I am so glad the beavers moved and found a spot where they could thrive. In turn, they have helped other critters thrive too. A heart-warming story.
    *Cairn cuddles*
    Oz

    ReplyDelete
  8. I love this post, especially the resurgence of nature in the marsh - how wonderful to live close to such natural wonder....I am so glad people intervened to save them from being killed so cruelly. Humans have so much to learn about what is "humane".

    ReplyDelete
  9. They are tough on trees though. We have a couple at our marina that have taken down more than one tree. I sure love to watch them though.

    Have a terrific day. ☺

    ReplyDelete
  10. They're wonderful creatures! As a kid, I'd love going out with my dad to see the beaver dams. Nice memories... :)

    ReplyDelete
  11. Well, good for the beavers! They are amazing creatures. I'm appalled that people wanted to kill them like that after the HUMANS decided to infringe on their habitat. Thank you and the other local residents for stopping it from going forward.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Living among nature and her creatures is such a blessing!

    ReplyDelete
  13. McG, first off, your description of the so-called "humane" trapping of the beavers made me sick. Where do suburbanites get off, moving into a natural habitat and then resenting the wildlife that lives there?

    Beavers are marvelous creatures. A friend and I were with my daughter, Riley, and we were privileged to wait and see a single beaver "scout" from under the lodge... then was joined by smaller beavers, learning the ropes. The whole family came out. We were lucky: On a bank downwind, and absolutely still, we witnessed nature at its best for about a half an hour.

    Thank you for fighting for the beavers. I'm an old leftie, so if there's a fight, hand me a bullhorn or a clipboard. I know that only citizen action can stop this bullying of nature. With appreciation, Amy

    ReplyDelete
  14. This would make a perfect "Animal Wednesday" post even though you posted it on Tuesday! ;-) Some us started a long time ago posting about our pets and other wild life on Wednesdays on our blogs. That's what Animal Wednesday is. Now you know! Thanks for coming by!

    ReplyDelete
  15. They are amazing animals and are so interesint. Very nice blog with educational info. I'm glad they rebelled against the trapping - I dislike any kind of trapping, it's so cruel.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Beavers are such amazing engineers...thanks for writing this!
    Have a wonderful week!

    ReplyDelete